Posted in Holidays, Monday Morsels

Monday Morsels: Origins of Candy Corn

candy cornThere is one Halloween candy that is more divisive than politics and religion, the American Civil War, or even Coke vs. Pepsi…Candy Corn. Ask the average trick-or-treaters on your neighborhood streets about their feelings toward candy corn and you will most assuredly have half that praise it’s honey-flavored goodness and half that refer to it as tri-colored ear wax.  Whether you are pro-candy corn or in the dissenting minority, the candy has a pretty interesting history. Would you like to hear it? I knew you’d say “yes, please!”

George Renniger, a candy-maker, worked at the Wunderle Candy Company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In the 1880s, Renniger invented a candy made of sugar, fondant, corn syrup, vanilla flavoring, and marshmallow creme. Ingredients were cooked in large kettles until it took on a slurry-like consistency. The slurry was then transferred into buckets and transported to the kernel-shaping molds. Workers walked backwards pouring the hot slurry into kernel-shaped molds, coated with cornstarch to prevent sticking as it cooled. Workers made three passes over the molds, each time with a different color of slurry all to achieve an authentic corn kernel-like appearance. The molding process was quite extensive and strenuous, considering neither air-conditioners nor electric fans had yet been invented. Like most foodstuffs of the times, candy corn was sold in bulk. It was packed in wooden barrels, buckets, or cartons and delivered by wagon or train to general stores within short distances.

In 1898, the Goelitz Confectionery Company’s Ohio factory began producing their variation of candy corn and boasts the longest history of making the candy in the industry. Candy corn became so successful for the company that it sustained them through World War I, The Great Depression, and World War II. You might not know the name “Goelitz Confectionery Company” today but the company still exists and still manufactures enough candy to circle the earth more than five times over…you may know them as Jelly Belly.

Fun Facts about Candy Corn

  • Candy corn is one of the healthier Halloween candies:
    • Candy corn is fat-free
    • One kernel is just over 4 calories
    • A one ounce serving is 110 calories
  • Roughly 9 billion kernels of candy corn are sold each year.
  • Candy corn hasn’t always been corn-shaped. In the 19th-century, candy-makers created these fondant-based candies in shapes of chestnuts, clover leaves, and turnips.
  • When Goelitz first created candy corn, they called it “chicken feed” and the boxes were illustrated with a rooster and the slogan “something worth crowing for.”

For more odd Halloween trivia, Halloween-themed books and DVDs,

or to sample some candy corn, drop by the HCC Library.

Bibliography:

Broek, Sara. “The history of candy corn: a Halloween candy favorite.” Better Homes and Gardens http://www.bhg.com 2014.

“Candy corn by the makers of Jelly Belly.” JellyBelly.com 2014.

Prokop, Jessica. “The surprising history of candy corn.” CandyFavorites.com 2012.

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Posted in Holidays, Something to Think About

Constitution Day Fun Facts!

US ConstitutionIf you are reading this on September 17: HAPPY CONSTITUTION DAY!

Are you now wondering why and how we have a national holiday surrounding the U.S. Constitution? If so, you’re in luck! Read on for some interesting historical tidbits and fun facts about Constitution Day.

Constitution Day commemorates the creation and signing of the U.S. Constitution back in 1787.  The Constitution was actually written in 1787, ratified (or officially agreed upon) in 1788, formally governing in 1789, and is the longest surviving written charter of government in the world.  In 1956, Congress established Constitution Week to encourage more Americans to learn about the Constitution and to commemorate the drafting of and signing of this foundational document.  September 17 was not officially designated “Constitution Day” until 2004 when Robert C. Byrd,a Senator from West Virgina, added the designation to the Consolidated Appropriations Act of Fiscal Year 2005.  The Constitution Day provision requires public schools and governmental offices to offer educational programs and/or events that provide a better understanding of the Constitution.

Fun Facts about Constitution Day

2004: year Constitution Day was established

2012: 225th anniversary of the Constitution

4543: number of words in the original, signed, unamended Constitution

11000 (as of 2012): number of amendments introduced in Congress

27: number of Constitutional Amendments

September 17, 1787: date of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

4: number of months in length of the Constitutional Convention in 1787

9: number of 13 original states required to ratify the Constitution

70: number of delegates who were appointed to the Constitutional Convention

55: number of delegates who actually attended the Constitutional Convention

81: age of the oldest signer of the Constitution, Benjamin Franklin

26: age of the youngest signer of the Constitution, Jonathan Dayton of New Jersey

39: number of delegates who signed the Constitution

3: number of delegates who did not sign the Constitution

  • George Mason, did not believe the Constitution established a “wise and just government” as it omitted the Bill of Rights
  • Elbridge Gerry, decided to become an ardent Federalist and also opposed the creation of the office of Vice President
  • Edmond Randolph, supported the Constitution during Virginia’s ratification when promised the position of Attorney General under George Washington’s administration
Posted in Holidays

Holiday Hours

HOLIDAY 2012-2013 SCHEDULE:

Wednesday, December 19: 8:00am-4:00pm

Thursday, December 20: 8:00am-4:00pm

Friday, December 21: Closed for professional development

December 24-January 1: Winter Recess, campus closed

January 2-January 4: 8:00am-4:00pm

Monday, January 7: Resume normal hours of operation

Posted in Holidays, Something to Think About

Christmas Trivia Quiz

tree, made out of books!In case you need a break from the end-of-semester stress, the library staff brings you a little Christmas trivia quiz to brighten your day:

1) Christmas carols were first introduced to formal church services by:

a) George Frideric Handel

b) Andy Williams

c) St. Francis of Assisi

d) Charles Dickens

2) Poinsettias, always popular at this time of year, were brought to America by:

a) Abraham Lincoln

b) Joel Poinsett, U.S Minister to Mexico in 1828

c) The Pilgrims

d) Johnny Poinsettiaseed

3) In the movie A Christmas Story, how many times does Ralphie say he wants a Red Ryder BB Gun?

a)  28

b) 102

c) Pi

d) This is a trick question.  He actually says he wants a poodle.

4) Charles Dickens’ initial choice for Scrooge’s statement “Bah! Humbug” was:

a) “Shutup!”

b) “Christmas?  We don’t need no stinkin’ Christmas!”

c) A “raspberry”

d) “Bah! Christmas”

5) The first commercial Christmas card, produced in 1846, featured a drawing of:

a) Family members happily toasting each other with glasses of wine

b) A dad angrily trying to assemble a wooden rocking horse

c) People walking to a church in the snow

d) The first Macy’s department store

6) Silent Night, written in 1818 by Austrian priest Joseph Mohr, was written because:

a) Mohr didn’t like the other songs available at the time

b) Mohr lived in a village with many children and was actually yearning for a silent night

c) His church’s organ was broken, so he wanted to write a carol that could be sung by choir to guitar music

d) Deck the Halls had already been written

7) In the movie It’s a Wonderful Life, in the scene where George Bailey and Clarence are on the bridge, George is sweating in spite of the cold and snow.  This is because:

a) He had just run all the way from downtown Bedford Falls

b) Actor James Stewart was nervous about how the movie would be received

c) The director told him to

d) It was actually 90 degrees the day that scene was filmed

8) The first U.S. president to have a Christmas tree in the White House was:

a) George Washington

b) Franklin Pierce

c) Barack Obama

d) Forced to clean up the needles himself

9) The tradition of hanging stockings on the hearth on Christmas Eve is derived from:

a) The days when people didn’t have dresser drawers to put them in

b) The custom in Holland of children placing wooden shoes next to the hearth the night before the arrival of St. Nicholas

c) The days before wrapping paper was invented

d) The custom in some countries of giving socks as presents

10) The Twelve Days of Christmas was originally written to:

a) Help Catholic children in England to remember different articles of faith

b) Torment people who don’t really like Christmas songs

c) Help make Christmas pageants last longer

d) Provide a Christmas list for wealthy people in the late 1700s

ANSWERS:

1) c

2) b

3) a

4) d

5) a

6) c

7) d

8) b

9)  b

10) a